The fundamental freedoms enshrined in the Declaration are still not a reality for many, as human rights abuses constitute a worldwide problem and give rise to ethnic, racial and religious conflicts. The Human Rights Challenges faced by the world today are:
- Poverty and global inequities
- Armed conflict and violence
- Democracy deficits
- Weak institutions
IHRO would aim towards mitigating the challenges of Implementation which are fostered by the gaps in knowledge, capacity, commitment and social security.